Analysis: ARTSAKH (KARABAKH) AND THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTIONS

There are 4 resolutions on Karabakh conflict (822, 853, 874 and 884). All of them were adopted in the heat of Karabakh war, from April 30 to November 12, 1993. Russia voted in favor of Azerbaijan Republic on all four UN Resolutions. Let’s analyze each of those UN Resolutions so we can better understand why all four of those UN Resolutions were unenforceable and why the UN Security Council should denounce the above stated UN Resolutions.

The United Nations Security Council resolution 822 was adopted unanimously on 30 April 1993. After expressing concern at the deterioration of relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan, and the subsequent escalation of armed hostilities and deterioration in the humanitarian situation in the region, the Council demanded the immediate cessation of hostilities and the immediate withdrawal of all occupying forces in the Kalbajar district near Nagorno-Karabakh. While it acknowledged Armenian involvement, it did not directly accuse Armenia of aggression.

Please note that the United Nations Security Council resolution 822 only demands for Armenian forces to withdraw from Kalbajar (Armenian Qarvachar, which means stone sell) district – not from other districts of Artsakh.

Who could have expected to withdraw the forces without ceasing the fights? And who didn’t want to cease them? Azerbaijan repeatedly demonstrated and demonstrates violence and hostilities on both Artsakh’s and Armenia’s borders.

The United Nations Security Council resolution 853, adopted unanimously on 29 July 1993, after reaffirming Resolution 822 (1993), the Council expressed its concern at the deteriorating relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan and condemned the seizure of the district of Agdam and other areas of Azerbaijan, demanding a complete withdrawal from the areas by Armenians. The resolution began by demanding an immediate ceasefire and cessation of hostilities, noting in particular attacks on civilians and bombardments of inhabited areas, urging unimpeded access for international humanitarian relief efforts in the region. It also called for energy, transport and economic links to be restored as part of this process.

Who is not fulfilling the demands of this UN Resolution? Who continues hostilities on civilians (see Armenian civilians killed and wounded in Chinari, Aygepar, and other villages near Armenia’s border and the brutal killings and dismemberment of the Armenian civilians in Talish Village of Artsakh in April, 2016, attack, the murder of a young Armenian 17 years-old shepherd boy in July, 2014, by three Azeri terrorists in Kalbajar district, who were captured by the Artsakh Defense Forces, just to name a few), blocks ground transports and economic links between Armenia (including Artsakh) and other countries? Azerbaijan Republic and Turkey started the blockade of Armenia and Artsakh since the conflict escalated to a war.

The United Nations Security Council resolution 874, adopted unanimously on 14 October 1993, after reaffirming resolutions 822 (1993) and 853 (1993), the Council expressed its concern at the continuing conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in Nagorno-Karabakh, in addition to the inviolability of international borders and the inadmissibility of the use of force for the acquisition of territory, and called upon the parties to observe the ceasefire agreed with by the Government of Russia and OSCE Minsk Group. The Council, after reiterating its support for the peace process, called on both sides to accept the OSCE’s “Adjusted Timetable of Urgent Steps”, which was agreed to by Armenia, rejected by Azerbaijan and the Karabakh authorities delayed responding.

Please note who rejected the UN Resolution 874?! Azerbaijan!

The United Nations Security Council resolution 884, adopted unanimously on 12 November 1993, after reaffirming resolutions 822 (1993), 853 (1993) and 874 (1993), the Council expressed its concern at the continuing conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in Nagorno-Karabakh and condemned violations of the ceasefire between the parties, particularly the occupation of the Zəngilan district and city of Goradiz (Armenian Horadiz, which is made of two words: hor – hole and dizel – pile; dzel – fix).

Azerbaijan Republic took control of Horadiz in 2007. Despite the adoption of Resolution 884, shelling and periodic fighting continued…

The purpose of this analysis is simply statement of facts. Azerbaijan Republic continues to accuse Armenia for not fulfilling the above stated UN Resolutions. The UN is not enforcing those Resolutions for the above stated reasons. Even if the UN Resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 were perceived as needed in 1993, the fact is and the history proved that those four UN Resolutions did not fulfill the need they were intended for. Hopefully the UN can denounce the above stated four Resolutions so people like CNN HARDtalk’s Stephen Sackur would not be bias anti-Armenian and would not bully the Foreign Minister of Armenia, Zohrab Mnatsakanyan, over “violations” that were, in fact, not violated by Armenians.

By Garegin Nalbandian

Geopolitical Club (USA)